Operation Old Photoshop 4 shortcut New Photoshop 5 shortcut Old Photoshop 4 shortcut New Photoshop 5 shortcut
Menu commands
Actual Pixels Cmd- Option- zero (0) Cmd- Option- zero (0) Ctrl+ Alt+ zero (0) Ctrl+ Alt+ zero (0)
Auto Levels Cmd- Shift- L Cmd- Shift- L Ctrl+ Shift+ L Ctrl+ Shift+ L
Bring Layer Forward Cmd- ] Cmd- ] Ctrl+ ] Ctrl+ ]
Bring Layer to Front Cmd- Shift- ] Cmd- Shift- ] Ctrl+ Shift+ ] Ctrl+ Shift+ ]
Clear Delete Delete Backspace or Delete Backspace or Delete
Close Cmd- W Cmd- W Ctrl+ W or Ctrl+ F4 Ctrl+ W or Ctrl+ F4
Color Balance Cmd- B Cmd- B Ctrl+ B Ctrl+ B
Color Balance, with last settings Cmd- Option- B Cmd- Option- B Ctrl+ Alt+ B Ctrl+ Alt+ B
Copy Cmd- C or F3 Cmd- C or F3 Ctrl+ C or F3 Ctrl+ C or F3
Copy Merged Cmd- Shift- C Cmd- Shift- C Ctrl+ Shift+ C Ctrl+ Shift+ C
Curves Cmd- M Cmd- M Ctrl+ M Ctrl+ M
Curves, with last settings Cmd- Option- M Cmd- Option- M Ctrl+ Alt+ M Ctrl+ Alt+ M
Cut Cmd- X or F2 Cmd- X or F2 Ctrl+ X or F2 Ctrl+ X or F2
Desaturate Cmd- Shift- U Cmd- Shift- U Ctrl+ Shift+ U Ctrl+ Shift+ U
Defloat Cmd- E they killed the feature! Ctrl+ E they killed the feature!
Exit     Ctrl+ Q or Alt+ F4 Ctrl+ Q or Alt+ F4
Fade Filter Cmd- Shift- F Cmd- Shift- F Ctrl+ Shift+ F Ctrl+ Shift+ F
Feather Selection Cmd- Shift- D or Shift- F6 Cmd- Option- D or Shift- F6 Ctrl+ Shift+ D or Shift+ F6 Ctrl+ Alt+ D or Shift+ F6
Fill Shift- Delete or Shift- F5 Shift- Delete or Shift- F5 Shift+ Backspace or Shift+ F5 Shift+ Backspace or Shift+ F5
Fill from history new feature Cmd- Option- Delete new feature Ctrl+ Alt+ Backspace
Filter, repeat last Cmd- F Cmd- F Ctrl+ F Ctrl+ F
Filter, repeat with new settings Cmd- Option- F Cmd- Option- F Ctrl+ Alt+ F Ctrl+ Alt+ F
Fit on Screen Cmd- zero (0) Cmd- zero (0) Ctrl+ zero (0) Ctrl+ zero (0)
Free Transform Cmd- T Cmd- T Ctrl+ T Ctrl+ T
Gamut Warning Cmd- Shift- Y Cmd- Shift- Y Ctrl+ Shift+ Y Ctrl+ Shift+ Y
Grid, show or hide Cmd- quote (") Cmd- quote (") Ctrl+ quote (") Ctrl+ quote (")
Group with Previous Layer Cmd- G Cmd- G Ctrl+ G Ctrl+ G
Guides, show or hide Cmd- semicolon (;) Cmd- semicolon (;) Ctrl+ semicolon (;) Ctrl+ semicolon (;)
Help Contents     F1 F1
Help, context-sensitive     Shift+ F1 Shift+ F1
Hide Edges Cmd- H Cmd- H Ctrl+ H Ctrl+ H
Hide Path Cmd- Shift- H Cmd- Shift- H Ctrl+ Shift+ H Ctrl+ Shift+ H
Hue/Saturation Cmd- U Cmd- U Ctrl+ U Ctrl+ U
Hue/Saturation, with last settings Cmd- Option- U Cmd- Option- U Ctrl+ Alt+ U Ctrl+ Alt+ U
Image Size F11 F11 F11 F11
Inverse Selection Cmd- Shift- I or Shift- F7 Cmd- Shift- I or Shift- F7 Ctrl+ Shift+ I or Shift+ F7 Ctrl+ Shift+ I or Shift+ F7
Invert Cmd- I Cmd- I Ctrl+ I Ctrl+ I
Layer Via Copy Cmd- J Cmd- J Ctrl+ J Ctrl+ J
Layer Via Cut Cmd- Shift- J Cmd- Shift- J Ctrl+ Shift+ J Ctrl+ Shift+ J
Levels Cmd- L Cmd- L Ctrl+ L Ctrl+ L
Levels, with last settings Cmd- Option- L Cmd- Option- L Ctrl+ Alt+ L Ctrl+ Alt+ L
Lock Guides Cmd- Option- semicolon (;) Cmd- Option- semicolon (;) Ctrl+ Alt+ semicolon (;) Ctrl+ Alt+ semicolon (;)
Merge Down Cmd- E Cmd- E Ctrl+ E Ctrl+ E
Merge Visible Cmd- Shift- E Cmd- Shift- E Ctrl+ Shift+ E Ctrl+ Shift+ E
New Cmd- N Cmd- N Ctrl+ N Ctrl+ N
New, with default settings Cmd- Option- N Cmd- Option- N Ctrl+ Alt+ N Ctrl+ Alt+ N
New Layer new command Cmd- Shift- N new command Ctrl+ Shift+ N
Numeric Transform Cmd- Shift- T none Ctrl+ Shift+ T none
Open Cmd- O Cmd- O Ctrl+ O Ctrl+ O
Open As     none Ctrl+ Alt+ O
Open last edited image     Alt+ F, press number (1 through 4) Alt+ F, press number (1 through 4)
Page Setup Cmd- Shift- P Cmd- Shift- P Ctrl+ Shift+ P Ctrl+ Shift+ P
Paste Cmd- V or F4 Cmd- V or F4 Ctrl+ V or F4 Ctrl+ V or F4
Paste Into Cmd- Shift- V Cmd- Shift- V Ctrl+ Shift+ V Ctrl+ Shift+ V
Preferences Cmd- K Cmd- K Ctrl+ K Ctrl+ K
Preferences, last panel Cmd- Option- K Cmd- Option- K Ctrl+ Alt+ K Ctrl+ Alt+ K
Preview CMYK Cmd- Y Cmd- Y Ctrl+ Y Ctrl+ Y
Print Cmd- P Cmd- P Ctrl+ P Ctrl+ P
Quit Cmd- Q Cmd- Q    
Redo Cmd- Z Cmd- Z Ctrl+ Z Ctrl+ Z
Reselect new command Cmd- Shift- D new command Ctrl+ Shift+ D
Revert F12 F12 or click first item in History palette F12 F12 or click first item in History palette
Rulers, show or hide Cmd- R Cmd- R Ctrl+ R Ctrl+ R
Save Cmd- S Cmd- S Ctrl+ S Ctrl+ S
Save As Cmd- Shift- S Cmd- Shift- S Ctrl+ Shift+ S Ctrl+ Shift+ S
Save a Copy Cmd- Option- S Cmd- Option- S Ctrl+ Alt+ S Ctrl+ Alt+ S
Select All Cmd- A Cmd- A Ctrl+ A Ctrl+ A
Select None Cmd- D Cmd- D Ctrl+ D Ctrl+ D
Send Layer Backward Cmd- [ Cmd- [ Ctrl+ [ Ctrl+ [
Send Layer to Back Cmd- Shift- [ Cmd- Shift- [ Ctrl+ Shift+ [ Ctrl+ Shift+ [
Step Backward new command Cmd- Option- Z new command Ctrl+ Alt+ Z
Step Forward new command Cmd- Shift- Z new command Ctrl+ Shift+ Z
Snap to Grid Cmd- Shift- quote (") Cmd- Shift- quote (") Ctrl+ Shift+ quote (") Ctrl+ Shift+ quote (")
Snap to Guides Cmd- Shift- semicolon (;) Cmd- Shift- semicolon (;) Ctrl+ Shift+ semicolon (;) Ctrl+ Shift+ semicolon (;)
Transform Again new command Cmd- Shift- T new command Ctrl+ Shift+ T
Undo Cmd- Z or F1 Cmd- Z or F1 Ctrl+ Z Ctrl+ Z
Ungroup Layers Cmd- Shift- G Cmd- Shift- G Ctrl+ Shift+ G Ctrl+ Shift+ G
Zoom In Cmd- plus (+) Cmd- plus (+) Ctrl+ plus (+) Ctrl+ plus (+)
Zoom Out Cmd- minus (-) Cmd- minus (-) Ctrl+ minus (-) Ctrl+ minus (-)
Navigation
Scroll image with hand tool spacebar-drag or drag in Navigator palette spacebar-drag or drag in Navigator palette spacebar+drag or drag in Navigator palette spacebar+drag or drag in Navigator palette
Scroll up or down one screen Page Up or Page Down Page Up or Page Down Page Up or Page Down Page Up or Page Down
Scroll up or down slightly Shift- Page Up or Shift- Page Down Shift- Page Up or Shift- Page Down Shift+ Page Up or Shift+ Page Down Shift+ Page Up or Shift+ Page Down
Scroll up or down exactly one frame in Filmstrip file Shift- Page Up or Shift- Page Down Shift- Page Up or Shift- Page Down Shift+ Page Up or Shift+ Page Down Shift+ Page Up or Shift+ Page Down
Scroll left or right one screen none Cmd- Page Up or Cmd- Page Down none Ctrl+ Page Up or Ctrl+ Page Down
Scroll left or right slightly none Cmd- Shift- Page Up or Cmd- Shift- Page Down none Ctrl+ Shift+ Page Up or Ctrl+ Shift+ Page Down
Switch to upper-left corner press Home press Home press Home press Home
Switch to lower-right corner press End press End press End press End
Magnify to custom zoom ratio Cmd- spacebar-drag or Cmd- drag in Navigator palette Cmd- spacebar-drag or Cmd- drag in Navigator palette Ctrl+ spacebar+drag or Ctrl+ drag in Navigator palette Ctrl+ spacebar+drag or Ctrl+ drag in Navigator palette
Zoom in without changing window size Cmd- spacebar-click or Cmd- Option- plus (+) Cmd- spacebar-click or Cmd- Option- plus (+) Ctrl+ spacebar+click or Ctrl+ plus (+) Ctrl+ spacebar+click or Ctrl+ plus (+)
Zoom in and change window size to fit Cmd- plus (+) Cmd- plus (+) Ctrl+ Alt+ plus (+) Ctrl+ Alt+ plus (+)
Zoom out without changing window size Option- spacebar-click or Cmd- Option- minus (-) Option- spacebar-click or Cmd- Option- minus (-) Alt+ spacebar+click or Ctrl+ minus (-) Alt+ spacebar+click or Ctrl+ minus (-)
Zoom out and change window size to fit Cmd- minus (-) Cmd- minus (-) Ctrl+ Alt+ minus (-) Ctrl+ Alt+ minus (-)
Zoom to 100% Cmd- Option- zero (0) or double-click zoom tool icon Cmd- Option- zero (0) or double-click zoom tool icon Ctrl+ Alt+ zero (0) or double-click zoom tool icon Ctrl+ Alt+ zero (0) or double-click zoom tool icon
Fit image on screen Cmd- zero (0) or double-click hand tool icon Cmd- zero (0) or double-click hand tool icon Ctrl+ zero (0) or double-click hand tool icon Ctrl+ zero (0) or double-click hand tool icon
Apply zoom value but keep magnification box active Shift- Return Shift- Return Shift+ Enter Shift+ Enter
Cycle through full screen and normal window modes F F F F
Toggle display of menu bar in full screen modes new command Shift- F new command Shift+ F
Painting and editing
Display Options palette Return or double-click tool icon Return or double-click tool icon Enter or double-click tool icon Enter or double-click tool icon
Display crosshair cursor Caps Lock Caps Lock Caps Lock Caps Lock
Revert image with magic eraser Option- drag with eraser Option- drag with eraser Alt+ drag with eraser Alt+ drag with eraser
Select pencil, painbrush, or airbrush press Y, B, or A press N, B, or J press Y, B, or A press N, B, or J
Cycle through eraser styles Option- click eraser tool icon or press E Option- click eraser tool icon or Shift- E Alt+ click eraser tool icon or press E Alt+ click eraser tool icon or Shift+ E
Specify an area to clone Option- click with rubber stamp Option- click with rubber stamp Alt+ click with rubber stamp Alt+ click with rubber stamp
Cycle through rubber stamp options Option- click rubber stamp tool icon or press S Option- click rubber stamp tool icon or Shift- S Alt+ click rubber stamp tool icon or press S Alt+ click rubber stamp tool icon or Shift+ S
Cycle through focus tools Option- click focus tool icon or press R Option- click focus tool icon or Shift- R Alt+ click focus tool icon or press R Alt+ click focus tool icon or Shift+ R
Sharpen with the blur tool or blur with the sharpen tool Option- drag Option- drag Alt+ drag Alt+ drag
Dip into the foreground color when smearing Option- drag with smudge tool Option- drag with smudge tool Alt+ drag with smudge tool Alt+ drag with smudge tool
Cycle through toning tools Option- click toning tool icon or press O Option- click toning tool icon or Shift- O Alt+ click toning tool icon or press O Alt+ click toning tool icon or Shift+ O
Darken with the dodge tool or lighten with the burn tool Option- drag Option- drag Alt+ drag Alt+ drag
Paint or edit in a straight line click and then Shift- click click and then Shift- click click and then Shift+ click click and then Shift+ click
Change opacity, pressure, or exposure in 10% increments press number (1 through 0) press number (1 through 0) press number (1 through 0) press number (1 through 0)
Change opacity, pressure, or exposure in 1% increments press two numbers in a row press two numbers in a row press two numbers in a row press two numbers in a row
Select brush mode Control-click with paint or edit tool Control-click with paint or edit tool or Shift- Option- letter right-click with paint or edit tool right-click with paint or edit tool or Shift+ Alt+ letter
Cycle through brush modes none Shift- plus (+) or Shift- minus (-) none Shift+ plus (+) or Shift+ minus (-)
Reset to Normal brush mode none Shift- Option- N none Shift+ Alt+ N
Display or hide Brushes palette F5 F5 F5 F5
Cycle through brush shapes press bracket, [ or ] press bracket, [ or ] press bracket, [ or ] press bracket, [ or ]
Switch to first shape in Brushes palette Shift- [ Shift- [ Shift+ [ Shift+ [
Switch to last shape in Brushes palette Shift- ] Shift- ] Shift+ ] Shift+ ]
Delete shape from Brushes palette Cmd- click brush shape Cmd- click brush shape Ctrl+ click brush shape Ctrl+ click brush shape
Create new brush shape click in empty area of Brushes palette click in empty area of Brushes palette click in empty area of Brushes palette click in empty area of Brushes palette
Edit brush shape double-click brush shape double-click brush shape double-click brush shape double-click brush shape
Applying colors
Lift foreground color from image Option- click with paint tool or click with eyedropper Option- click with paint tool or click with eyedropper Alt+ click with paint tool or click with eyedropper Alt+ click with paint tool or click with eyedropper
Lift background color from image Option- click with eyedropper Option- click with eyedropper Alt+ click with eyedropper Alt+ click with eyedropper
Sample color in image new feature click with color sampler tool new feature click with color sampler tool
Delete color sample new feature Option- click on target with color sampler tool new feature Alt+ click on target with color sampler tool
Display or hide Color palette F6 F6 F6 F6
Lift foreground color from color bar at bottom of Color palette click color bar click color bar click color bar click color bar
Lift background color from color bar Option- click color bar Option- click color bar Alt+ click color bar Alt+ click color bar
Cycle through color bars Shift- click color bar Shift- click color bar Shift+ click color bar Shift+ click color bar
Specify new color bar Control-click color bar or Cmd- click for dialog box Control-click color bar or Cmd- click for dialog box right-click color bar or Ctrl+ click for dialog box right-click color bar or Ctrl+ click for dialog box
Lift foreground color from Swatches palette click swatch click swatch click swatch click swatch
Lift background color from Swatches palette Option- click swatch Option- click swatch Alt+ click swatch Alt+ click swatch
Delete swatch from palette Cmd- click swatch Cmd- click swatch Ctrl+ click swatch Ctrl+ click swatch
Replace swatch with foreground color Shift- click swatch Shift- click swatch Shift+ click swatch Shift+ click swatch
Add new swatch to palette click in empty area of palette or Shift- Option- click swatch click in empty area of palette or Shift- Option- click on swatch click in empty area of palette or Shift+ Alt+ click swatch click in empty area of palette or Shift+ Alt+ click on swatch
Fill selection or layer with foreground color Option- Delete Option- Delete Alt+ Backspace Alt+ Backspace
Fill layer with foreground color but preserve transparency Shift- Option- Delete Shift- Option- Delete Shift+ Alt+ Backspace Shift+ Alt+ Backspace
Fill selection on background layer with background color Delete Delete Backspace or Delete Backspace or Delete
Fill selection on any layer with background color Cmd- Delete Cmd- Delete Ctrl+ Backspace Ctrl+ Backspace
Fill layer with background color but preserve transparency Shift- Cmd- Delete Shift- Cmd- Delete Shift+ Ctrl+ Backspace Shift+ Ctrl+ Backspace
Fill selection with source state in History palette new feature Cmd- Option- Delete new feature Ctrl+ Alt+ Backspace
Display Fill dialog box Shift- Delete or Shift- F5 Shift- Delete or Shift- F5 Shift+ Backspace or Shift+ F5 Shift+ Backspace or Shift+ F5
Type
Edit text layer new feature double-click on T in Layers palette or Control-click with type tool new feature double-click on T in Layers palette or right-click with type tool
Select word in Text Tool dialog box double-click on word double-click on word double-click on word double-click on word
Select word to left or right none Cmd- Shift- left or right arrow none Ctrl+ Shift+ left or right arrow
Select all text none Cmd- A none Ctrl+ A
Increase type size two pixels (or points) none Cmd- Shift- greater than (>) none Ctrl+ Shift+ greater than (>)
Decrease type size two pixels none Cmd- Shift- less than (<) none Ctrl+ Shift+ less than (<)
Increase type size 10 pixels none Cmd- Shift- Option- greater than (>) none Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ greater than (>)
Decrease type size 10 pixels none Cmd- Shift- Option- less than (<) none Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ less than (<)
Tighten leading two pixels none Option- up arrow none Alt+ up arrow
Expand leading two pixels none Option- down arrow none Alt+ down arrow
Tighten leading 10 pixels none Cmd- Option- up arrow none Ctrl+ Alt+ up arrow
Expand leading 10 pixels none Cmd- Option- down arrow none Ctrl+ Alt+ down arrow
noted        
Kern together 2/100 em new feature Option- left arrow new feature Alt+ left arrow
Kern apart 2/100 em new feature Option- right arrow new feature Alt+ right arrow
Kern together 1/10 em new feature Cmd- Option- left arrow new feature Ctrl+ Alt+ left arrow
Kern apart 1/10 em new feature Cmd- Option- right arrow new feature Ctrl+ Alt+ right arrow
Raise baseline shift two pixels new feature Shift- Option- up arrow new feature Shift+ Alt+ up arrow
Lower baseline shift two pixels new feature Shift- Option- down arrow new feature Shift+ Alt+ down arrow
Raise baseline shift 10 pixels new feature Cmd- Shift- Option- up arrow new feature Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ up arrow
Lower baseline shift 10 pixels new feature Cmd- Shift- Option- down arrow new feature Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ down arrow
Exit Type Tool dialog box Enter Enter or Cmd- Return Enter on keypad Enter on keypad or Ctrl+ Enter
Left-align text new feature Cmd- Shift- L new feature Ctrl+ Shift+ L
Center-align text new feature Cmd- Shift- C new feature Ctrl+ Shift+ C
Right-align text new feature Cmd- Shift- R new feature Ctrl+ Shift+ R
Magnify view in Text Tool dialog box new feature Cmd- plus (+) new feature Ctrl+ plus (+)
Zoom out in Text Tool dialog box new feature Cmd- minus (-) new feature Ctrl+ minus (-)
Selections
Select everything Cmd- A Cmd- A Ctrl+ A Ctrl+ A
Deselect everything Cmd- D Cmd- D Ctrl+ D Ctrl+ D
Restore selection after deselecting new feature Cmd- Shift- D new feature Ctrl+ Shift+ D
Hide or show marching ants Cmd- H Cmd- H Ctrl+ H Ctrl+ H
Feather the selection Cmd- Shift- D or Shift- F6 Cmd- Option- D or Shift- F6 Ctrl+ Shift+ D or Shift+ F6 Ctrl+ Alt+ D or Shift+ F6
Reverse the selection Cmd- Shift- I or Shift- F7 Cmd- Shift- I or Shift- F7 Ctrl+ Shift+ I or Shift+ F7 Ctrl+ Shift+ I or Shift+ F7
Cycle through all marquee tools (including crop tool) Option- click marquee tool icon Option- click marquee tool icon Alt+ click marquee tool icon Alt+ click marquee tool icon
Toggle between rectangular and elliptical marquees press M Shift- M press M Shift+ M
Draw out from center with marquee tool Option- drag Option- drag Alt+ drag Alt+ drag
Constrain marquee to square or circle press Shift while drawing shape press Shift while drawing shape press Shift while drawing shape press Shift while drawing shape
Move marquee as you draw it press spacebar press spacebar press spacebar press spacebar
Cycle through lasso tools Option- click lasso tool icon or press L Option- click lasso tool icon or Shift- L Alt+ click lasso tool icon or press L Alt+ click lasso tool icon or Shift+ L
Add corner to straight-sided selection outline Option- click with lasso tool or click with polygonal lasso Option- click with lasso tool or click with polygonal lasso Alt+ click with lasso tool or click with polygonal lasso Alt+ click with lasso tool or click with polygonal lasso
Add point to magnetic selection new feature click with magentic lasso tool new feature click with magentic pen tool
Delete last point added with magnetic lasso tool new feature Delete new feature Backspace
Increase or reduce magnetic lasso width new feature press bracket, [ or ] new feature press bracket, [ or ]
Close polygon or magnetic selection double-click with respective lasso tool or press Return double-click with respective lasso tool or press Return double-click with respective lasso tool or press Enter double-click with respective lasso tool or press Enter
Close magnetic selection with straight segment new feature Option- double-click or Option- Return new feature Alt+ double-click or Alt+ Enter
Cancel polygon or magnetic selection press Escape press Escape press Escape press Escape
Add to selection Shift- drag or Shift- click with selection tool Shift- drag or Shift- click with selection tool Shift+ drag or Shift+ click with selection tool Shift+ drag or Shift+ click with selection tool
Subtract from selection Option- drag or Option- click with selection tool Option- drag or Option- click with selection tool Alt+ drag or Alt+ click with selection tool Alt+ drag or Alt+ click with selection tool
Retain intersected portion of selection Shift- Option- drag or Shift- Option- click with selection tool Shift- Option- drag or Shift- Option- click with selection tool Shift+ Alt+ drag or Shift+ Alt+ click with selection tool Shift+ Alt+ drag or Shift+ Alt+ click with selection tool
Add character outlines to a selection Shift- click with type mask tool Shift- click with type mask tool Shift+ click with type mask tool Shift+ click with type mask tool
Cut letter-shaped holes into a selection Option- click with type mask tool Option- click with type mask tool Alt+ click with type mask tool Alt+ click with type mask tool
Retain areas where character outlines and selection intersect Shift- Option- click with type mask tool Shift- Option- click with type mask tool Shift+ Alt+ click with type mask tool Shift+ Alt+ click with type mask tool
Select move tool press V or press and hold Cmd press V or press and hold Cmd press V or press and hold Ctrl press V or press and hold Ctrl
Move selection drag with move tool or Cmd- drag with other tool drag with move tool or Cmd- drag with other tool drag with move tool or Ctrl+ drag with other tool drag with move tool or Ctrl+ drag with other tool
Constrain movement vertically or horizontally press Shift while dragging selection press Shift while dragging selection press Shift while dragging selection press Shift while dragging selection
Move selection in 1-pixel increments Cmd- arrow key Cmd- arrow key Ctrl+ arrow key Ctrl+ arrow key
Move selection in 10-pixel increments Cmd- Shift- arrow key Cmd- Shift- arrow key Ctrl+ Shift+ arrow key Ctrl+ Shift+ arrow key
Clone selection Option- drag selection with move tool or Cmd- Option- drag with other tool Option- drag selection with move tool or Cmd- Option- drag with other tool Alt+ drag selection with move tool or Ctrl+ Alt+ drag with other tool Alt+ drag selection with move tool or Ctrl+ Alt+ drag with other tool
Clone selection in 1-pixel increments Cmd- Option- arrow key Cmd- Option- arrow key Ctrl+ Alt+ arrow key Ctrl+ Alt+ arrow key
Clone selection in 10-pixel increments Cmd- Shift- Option- arrow key Cmd- Shift- Option- arrow key Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ arrow key Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ arrow key
Clone selection to different image Cmd- drag selection from one window and drop it into another Cmd- drag selection from one window and drop it into another Ctrl+ drag selection from one window and drop it into another Ctrl+ drag selection from one window and drop it into another
Move selection outline independently of its contents drag with selection tool drag with selection tool drag with selection tool drag with selection tool
Move selection outline in 1-pixel increments press arrow key when selection tool is active press arrow key when selection tool is active press arrow key when selection tool is active press arrow key when selection tool is active
Move selection outline in 10-pixel increments Shift- arrow key when selection tool is active Shift- arrow key when selection tool is active Shift+ arrow key when selection tool is active Shift+ arrow key when selection tool is active
Copy empty selection outline to different image drag selection from one window into another with selection tool drag selection from one window into another with selection tool drag selection from one window into another with selection tool drag selection from one window into another with selection tool
Change opacity of floating selection press number (1 through 0) when selection tool is active Cmd- Shift- F press number (1 through 0) when selection tool is active Ctrl+ Shift+ F
Paste image into selection Cmd- Shift- V Cmd- Shift- V Ctrl+ Shift+ V Ctrl+ Shift+ V
Paste image behind selection Cmd- Shift- Option- V Cmd- Shift- Option- V Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ V Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ V
Layers
Display or hide Layers palette F7 F7 F7 F7
View single layer by itself Option- click eyeball icon in Layers palette Option- click eyeball icon in Layers palette Alt+ click eyeball icon in Layers palette Alt+ click eyeball icon in Layers palette
Create new layer and set blend options Option- click page icon at bottom of Layers palette Option- click page icon at bottom of Layers palette or Cmd- Shift- N Alt+ click page icon at bottom of Layers palette Alt+ click page icon at bottom of Layers palette or Ctrl+ Shift+ N
Create new layer and bypass blend options click page icon at bottom of Layers palette click page icon at bottom of Layers palette or Cmd- Shift- Option- N click page icon at bottom of Layers palette click page icon at bottom of Layers palette or Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ N
Clone selection to new layer Cmd- J Cmd- J Ctrl+ J Ctrl+ J
Convert selection to new layer and leave hole behind Cmd- Shift- J Cmd- Shift- J Ctrl+ Shift+ J Ctrl+ Shift+ J
Convert floating selection to new layer double-click Floating Selection item in Layers palette or Cmd- Shift- J Cmd- Shift- J double-click Floating Selection item in Layers palette or Ctrl+ Shift+ J Ctrl+ Shift+ J
Diplicate layer to new layer drag layer name onto page icon or Cmd- A, Cmd- J drag layer name onto page icon or Cmd- A, Cmd- J drag layer name onto page icon or Ctrl+ A, Ctrl+ J drag layer name onto page icon or Ctrl+ A, Ctrl+ J
Ascend one layer Option- ] Option- ] Alt+ ] Alt+ ]
Descend one layer Option- [ Option- [ Alt+ [ Alt+ [
Ascend to top layer Shift- Option- ] Shift- Option- ] Shift+ Alt+ ] Shift+ Alt+ ]
Descend to background layer Shift- Option- [ Shift- Option- [ Shift+ Alt+ [ Shift+ Alt+ [
Go directly to layer that contains specific image Cmd- Option- Control-click image with any tool Cmd- Option- Control-click image with any tool Ctrl+ Alt+ right-click image with any tool Ctrl+ Alt+ right-click image with any tool
Preserve transparency of active layer press slash (/) press slash (/) press slash (/) press slash (/)
Convert layer’s transparency mask to selection outline Cmd- click layer name in Layers palette Cmd- click layer name in Layers palette Ctrl+ click layer name in Layers palette Ctrl+ click layer name in Layers palette
Add transparency mask to selection Cmd- Shift- click layer name Cmd- Shift- click layer name Ctrl+ Shift+ click layer name Ctrl+ Shift+ click layer name
Subtract transparency mask from selection Cmd- Option- click layer name Cmd- Option- click layer name Ctrl+ Alt+ click layer name Ctrl+ Alt+ click layer name
Retain intersection of transparency mask and selection Cmd- Shift- Option- click layer name Cmd- Shift- Option- click layer name Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ click layer name Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ click layer name
Move entire layer drag with move tool or Cmd- drag with other tool drag with move tool or Cmd- drag with other tool drag with move tool or Ctrl+ drag with other tool drag with move tool or Ctrl+ drag with other tool
Move entire layer in 1-pixel increments Cmd- arrow key Cmd- arrow key Ctrl+ arrow key Ctrl+ arrow key
Move entire layer in 10-pixel increments Cmd- Shift- arrow key Cmd- Shift- arrow key Ctrl+ Shift+ arrow key Ctrl+ Shift+ arrow key
Bring layer forward one level Cmd- ] Cmd- ] Ctrl+ ] Ctrl+ ]
Bring layer to front of file Cmd- Shift- ] Cmd- Shift- ] Ctrl+ Shift+ ] Ctrl+ Shift+ ]
Send layer backward one level Cmd- [ Cmd- [ Ctrl+ [ Ctrl+ [
Send layer to back, just above the background layer Cmd- Shift- [ Cmd- Shift- [ Ctrl+ Shift+ [ Ctrl+ Shift+ [
Link layer with active layer click in front of layer name click in front of layer name click in front of layer name click in front of layer name
Unlink layer from active layer click on chain icon in front of layer name click on chain icon in front of layer name click on chain icon in front of layer name click on chain icon in front of layer name
Unlink all layers from active layer Option- click on brush icon in front of active layer name Option- click on brush icon in front of active layer name Alt+ click on brush icon in front of active layer name Alt+ click on brush icon in front of active layer name
Change opacity of active layer in 10% increments press number (1 through 0) when selection tool is active press number (1 through 0) when selection tool is active press number (1 through 0) when selection tool is active press number (1 through 0) when selection tool is active
Change opacity of active layer in 1% increments press two numbers in a row when selection tool is active press two numbers in a row when selection tool is active press two numbers in a row when selection tool is active press two numbers in a row when selection tool is active
Edit blend options for layer double-click layer name in Layers palette double-click layer name in Layers palette double-click layer name in Layers palette double-click layer name in Layers palette
Select blend mode none Shift- Option- letter none Shift+ Alt+ letter
Cycle through blend modes none Shift- plus (+) or Shift- minus (-) when selection tool is active none Shift+ plus (+) or Shift+ minus (-) when selection tool is active
Reset to Normal blend mode none Shift- Option- N none Shift+ Alt+ N
Adjust "fuzziness" in Layer Options dialog box Option- drag slider triangle Option- drag slider triangle Alt+ drag slider triangle Alt+ drag slider triangle
Merge layer with next layer down Cmd- E Cmd- E Ctrl+ E Ctrl+ E
Merge linked layers Cmd- E Cmd- E Ctrl+ E Ctrl+ E
Merge all visible layers Cmd- Shift- E Cmd- Shift- E Ctrl+ Shift+ E Ctrl+ Shift+ E
Copy merged version of selection to Clipboard Cmd- Shift- C Cmd- Shift- C Ctrl+ Shift+ C Ctrl+ Shift+ C
Clone contents of layer into next layer down Cmd- Option- E Cmd- Option- E Ctrl+ Alt+ E Ctrl+ Alt+ E
Clone contents of linked layers to active layer Cmd- Option- E Cmd- Option- E Ctrl+ Alt+ E Ctrl+ Alt+ E
Clone contents of all visible layers to activate layer Cmd- Option- Shift- E Cmd- Option- Shift- E Alt+ choose Layer >> Merge Visible Ctrl+ Alt+ Shift+ E
Group neighboring layers Option- click horizontal line in Layers palette or Cmd- G Option- click horizontal line in Layers palette or Cmd- G Alt+ click horizontal line in Layers palette or Ctrl+ G Alt+ click horizontal line in Layers palette or Ctrl+ G
Ungroup neighboring layers Option- click dotted line in Layers palette or Cmd- Shift- G Option- click dotted line in Layers palette or Cmd- Shift- G Alt+ click dotted line in Layers palette or Ctrl+ Shift+ G Alt+ click dotted line in Layers palette or Ctrl+ Shift+ G
Switch between layer effects in Effects dialog box new feature Cmd- 1 through Cmd- 5 new feature Ctrl+ 1 through Ctrl+ 5
Switch between layer effects outside dialog box new feature Control-click on ƒ in Layers palette new feature right-click on ƒ in Layers palette
Edit layer effect new feature double-click on ƒ new feature double-click on ƒ
Move shadow when Effect dialog box is open new feature drag in image window new feature drag in image window
Disable last layer effect new feature Option- double-click on ƒ new feature Alt+ double-click on ƒ
Disable specific layer effect new feature Option- choose command from Layer >> Effects submenu new feature Alt+ choose command from Layer >> Effects submenu
Create adjustment layer Cmd- click page icon at bottom of Layers palette Cmd- click page icon at bottom of Layers palette Ctrl+ click page icon at bottom of Layers palette Ctrl+ click page icon at bottom of Layers palette
Save flattened copy of layered image Cmd- Option- S Cmd- Option- S Ctrl+ Alt+ S Ctrl+ Alt+ S
Channels and masks
Switch between independent color and mask channels Cmd- 1 through Cmd- 9 Cmd- 1 through Cmd- 9 Ctrl+ 1 through Ctrl+ 9 Ctrl+ 1 through Ctrl+ 9
Switch to composite color view Cmd- tilde (~) Cmd- tilde (~) Ctrl+ tilde (~) Ctrl+ tilde (~)
Activate or deactivate color channel Shift- click channel name in Channels palette Shift- click channel name in Channels palette Shift+ click channel name in Channels palette Shift+ click channel name in Channels palette
Create channel mask filled with black click page icon at bottom of Channels palette click page icon at bottom of Channels palette click page icon at bottom of Channels palette click page icon at bottom of Channels palette
Create channel mask filled with black and set options Option- click page icon at bottom of Channels palette Option- click page icon at bottom of Channels palette Alt+ click page icon at bottom of Channels palette Alt+ click page icon at bottom of Channels palette
Create channel mask from selection outline click mask icon at bottom of Channels palette click mask icon at bottom of Channels palette click mask icon at bottom of Channels palette click mask icon at bottom of Channels palette
Create channel mask from selection outline and set options Option- click mask icon at bottom of Channels palette Option- click mask icon at bottom of Channels palette Alt+ click mask icon at bottom of Channels palette Alt+ click mask icon at bottom of Channels palette
View channel mask as Rubylith overlay click top eyeball in Channels palette or press tilde(~) click top eyeball in Channels palette or press tilde(~) click top eyeball in Channels palette or press tilde(~) click top eyeball in Channels palette or press tilde(~)
Convert channel mask to selection outline Cmd- click channel name in Channels palette or Cmd- Option- number (1 through 0) Cmd- click channel name in Channels palette or Cmd- Option- number (1 through 0) Ctrl+ click channel name in Channels palette or Ctrl+ Alt+ number (1 through 0) Ctrl+ click channel name in Channels palette or Ctrl+ Alt+ number (1 through 0)
Add channel mask to selection Cmd- Shift- click channel name Cmd- Shift- click channel name Ctrl+ Shift+ click channel name Ctrl+ Shift+ click channel name
Subtract channel mask from selection Cmd- Option- click channel name Cmd- Option- click channel name Ctrl+ Alt+ click channel name Ctrl+ Alt+ click channel name
Retain intersection of channel mask and selection Cmd- Shift- Option- click channel name Cmd- Shift- Option- click channel name Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ click channel name Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ click channel name
Enter or exit quick mask mode press Q press Q press Q press Q
Toggle quick mask color over masked or selected area Option- click quick mask icon in toolbox Option- click quick mask icon in toolbox Alt+ click quick mask icon in toolbox Alt+ click quick mask icon in toolbox
Change quick mask color overlay double-click quick mask icon double-click quick mask icon double-click quick mask icon double-click quick mask icon
View quick mask independently of image click top eyeball in Channels palette or press tilde(~) click top eyeball in Channels palette or press tilde(~) click top eyeball in Channels palette or press tilde(~) click top eyeball in Channels palette or press tilde(~)
Create layer mask filled with white click mask icon at bottom of Layers palette click mask icon at bottom of Layers palette click mask icon at bottom of Layers palette click mask icon at bottom of Layers palette
Create layer mask filled with black Option- click mask icon Option- click mask icon Alt+ click mask icon Alt+ click mask icon
Create layer mask from selection outline click mask icon click mask icon click mask icon click mask icon
Create layer mask that hides selection Option- click mask icon Option- click mask icon Alt+ click mask icon Alt+ click mask icon
Switch focus from layer mask to image Cmd- tilde (~) Cmd- tilde (~) Ctrl+ tilde (~) Ctrl+ tilde (~)
Switch focus from image to layer mask Cmd- backslash (\) Cmd- backslash (\) Ctrl+ backslash (\) Ctrl+ backslash (\)
View layer mask independently of image Option- click layer mask thumbnail in Layers palette or press backslash (\) then tilde (~) Option- click layer mask thumbnail in Layers palette or press backslash (\) then tilde (~) Alt+ click layer mask thumbnail in Layers palette or press backslash (\) then tilde (~) Alt+ click layer mask thumbnail in Layers palette or press backslash (\) then tilde (~)
View layer mask as Rubylith overlay Shift- Option- click layer mask thumbnail or press backslash (\) Shift- Option- click layer mask thumbnail or press backslash (\) Shift+ Alt+ click layer mask thumbnail or press backslash (\) Shift+ Alt+ click layer mask thumbnail or press backslash (\)
Disable layer mask Shift- click layer mask thumbnail Shift- click layer mask thumbnail Shift+ click layer mask thumbnail Shift+ click layer mask thumbnail
Toggle link between layer and layer mask click between layer and mask thumbnails in Layers palette click between layer and mask thumbnails in Layers palette click between layer and mask thumbnails in Layers palette click between layer and mask thumbnails in Layers palette
Convert layer mask to selection outline Cmd- click layer mask thumbnail or Cmd- Option- backslash (\) Cmd- click layer mask thumbnail or Cmd- Option- backslash (\) Ctrl+ click layer mask thumbnail or Ctrl+ Alt+ backslash (\) Ctrl+ click layer mask thumbnail or Ctrl+ Alt+ backslash (\)
Add layer mask to selection Cmd- Shift- click layer mask thumbnail Cmd- Shift- click layer mask thumbnail Ctrl+ Shift+ click layer mask thumbnail Ctrl+ Shift+ click layer mask thumbnail
Subtract layer mask from selection Cmd- Option- click layer mask thumbnail Cmd- Option- click layer mask thumbnail Ctrl+ Alt+ click layer mask thumbnail Ctrl+ Alt+ click layer mask thumbnail
Retain intersection of layer mask and selection Cmd- Shift- Option- click layer mask thumbnail Cmd- Shift- Option- click layer mask thumbnail Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ click layer mask thumbnail Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ click layer mask thumbnail
Add spot color channel new feature Cmd- click page icon at bottom of Channels palette new feature Ctrl+ click page icon at bottom of Channels palette
Paths
Select pen tool press P press P press P press P
Cycle between standard, freeform, and magnetic pen tools new feature Shift- P new feature Shift+ P
Select insert point tool press P press plus (+) press P press plus (+)
Select remove point tool press P press minus (-) press P press minus (-)
Add corner to path click with pen tool click with pen tool or Option- click with freeform pen tool click with pen tool click with pen tool or Alt+ click with freeform pen tool
Add smooth arc to path drag with pen tool drag with pen tool drag with pen tool drag with pen tool
Add cusp to path drag with pen tool, then Option- drag same point drag with pen tool, then Option- drag same point drag with pen tool, then Alt+ drag same point drag with pen tool, then Alt+ drag same point
Add point to magnetic selection new feature click with magentic pen tool new feature click with magentic pen tool
Delete last point added with standard or magentic pen tool Delete Delete Backspace Backspace
Draw freehand path segment new feature drag with freeform pen tool or Option- drag with magnetic pen tool new feature drag with freeform pen tool or Alt+ drag with magnetic pen tool
Increase or reduce magnetic pen width new feature press bracket, [ or ] new feature press bracket, [ or ]
Close magnetic selection new feature double-click with magnetic pen tool or click on first point in path new feature double-click with magnetic pen tool or click on first point in path
Close magnetic selection with straight segment new feature Option- double-click or Option- Return new feature Alt+ double-click or Alt+ Enter
Cancel magnetic or freeform selection new feature press Escape new feature press Escape
Select arrow (direct selection) tool press P or press and hold Cmd when pen tool is active press A or press and hold Cmd when pen tool is active press P or press and hold Ctrl when pen tool is active press A or press and hold Ctrl when pen tool is active
Select insert or remove point tool press P press plus (+) or minus (-) press P press plus (+) or minus (-)
Move selected points drag point with arrow tool or Cmd- drag with pen tool drag point with arrow tool or Cmd- drag with pen tool drag point with arrow tool or Ctrl+ drag with pen tool drag point with arrow tool or Ctrl+ drag with pen tool
Select multiple points in path Shift- click point with arrow or Cmd- Shift- click with pen Shift- click point with arrow or Cmd- Shift- click with pen Shift+ click point with arrow or Ctrl+ Shift+ click with pen Shift+ click point with arrow or Ctrl+ Shift+ click with pen
Select entire path Option- click path with arrow or Cmd- Option- click with pen Option- click path with arrow or Cmd- Option- click with pen Alt+ click path with arrow or Ctrl+ Alt+ click with pen Alt+ click path with arrow or Ctrl+ Alt+ click with pen
Clone path Option- drag path with arrow or Cmd- Option- drag with pen Option- drag path with arrow or Cmd- Option- drag with pen Alt+ drag path with arrow or Ctrl+ Alt+ drag with pen Alt+ drag path with arrow or Ctrl+ Alt+ drag with pen
Convert corner or cusp to smooth arc Control-drag point with arrow or Cmd- Control-drag with pen Cmd- Option- drag point with arrow or Option- drag with pen Ctrl+ drag point with arrow Ctrl+ Alt+ drag point with arrow or Alt+ drag with pen
Convert arc to corner Control-click point with arrow or Cmd- Control-click with pen Cmd- Option- click point with arrow or Option- click with pen Ctrl+ click point with arrow Ctrl+ Alt+ click point with arrow or Alt+ click with pen
Convert arc to cusp Control-drag handle with arrow or Cmd- Control-drag with pen Cmd- Option- drag handle with arrow or Option- drag with pen Ctrl+ drag handle with arrow Ctrl+ Alt+ drag handle with arrow or Alt+ drag with pen
Insert point in path Cmd- Option- click segment with arrow tool or Control-click with pen tool click segment with pen tool or Option- click with remove point tool Ctrl+ Alt+ click segment with arrow tool click segment with pen tool or Alt+ click with remove point tool
Remove point from path Cmd- Option- click point with arrow tool or Control-click with pen tool click point with pen tool or Option- click with insert point tool Ctrl+ Alt+ click point with arrow tool click point with pen tool or Alt+ click with insert point tool
Convert path to selection outline Cmd- click path name in Paths palette or press Enter when selection or path tool is active Cmd- click path name in Paths palette or press Enter when selection or path tool is active Ctrl+ click path name in Paths palette or press Enter on keypad when selection or path tool is active Ctrl+ click path name in Paths palette or press Enter on keypad when selection or path tool is active
Add path to selection Cmd- Shift- click path name or Shift- Enter Cmd- Shift- click path name or Shift- Enter Ctrl+ Shift+ click path name or Shift+ Enter on keypad Ctrl+ Shift+ click path name or Shift+ Enter on keypad
Subtract path from selection Cmd- Option- click path name or Option- Enter Cmd- Option- click path name or Option- Enter Ctrl+ Alt+ click path name or Alt+ Enter on keypad Ctrl+ Alt+ click path name or Alt+ Enter on keypad
Retain intersection of path and selection Cmd- Shift- Option- click path name or Shift- Option- Enter Cmd- Shift- Option- click path name or Shift- Option- Enter Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ click path name or Shift+ Alt+ Enter on keypad Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ click path name or Shift+ Alt+ Enter on keypad
Apply brushstroke around perimeter of path press Enter when paint or edit tool is active press Enter when paint or edit tool is active press Enter on keypad when paint or edit tool is active press Enter on keypad when paint or edit tool is active
Revert around perimeter of path press Option- Enter when eraser tool is active press Option- Enter when eraser tool is active or Enter when history brush is active press Alt+ Enter on keypad when eraser tool is active press Alt+ Enter on keypad when eraser tool is active or Enter when history brush is active
Save path for future use double-click Work Path item in Paths palette double-click Work Path item in Paths palette double-click Work Path item in Paths palette double-click Work Path item in Paths palette
Hide path (it remains active) Cmd- Shift- H Cmd- Shift- H Ctrl+ Shift+ H Ctrl+ Shift+ H
Deactivate path click in empty portion of Paths palette click in empty portion of Paths palette click in empty portion of Paths palette click in empty portion of Paths palette
Crops and transformations
Select crop tool press C press C press C press C
Move cropping boundary drag inside boundary drag inside boundary drag inside boundary drag inside boundary
Resize cropping boundary drag boundary handle drag boundary handle drag boundary handle drag boundary handle
Rotate cropping boundary drag outside boundary drag outside boundary drag outside boundary drag outside boundary
Accept crop double-click inside boundary or press Return double-click inside boundary or press Return double-click inside boundary or press Enter double-click inside boundary or press Enter
Cancel crop press Escape press Escape press Escape press Escape
Transform selection or layer numerically Cmd- Shift- T none Ctrl+ Shift+ T none
Freely transform selection or layer Cmd- T Cmd- T Ctrl+ T Ctrl+ T
Duplicate selection and freely transform Cmd- Option- T Cmd- Option- T Ctrl+ Alt+ T Ctrl+ Alt+ T
Move image in Free Transform mode drag inside boundary drag inside boundary drag inside boundary drag inside boundary
Move transformation origin new feature drag crosshair target new feature drag crosshair target
Resize image drag boundary handle drag boundary handle drag boundary handle drag boundary handle
Resize with respect to origin new feature Option- drag boundary handle new feature Alt+ drag boundary handle
Rotate image (always with respect to origin) drag outside boundary drag outside boundary drag outside boundary drag outside boundary
Skew image Cmd- drag side handle Cmd- drag side handle Ctrl+ drag side handle Ctrl+ drag side handle
Skew image along constrained axis Cmd- Shift- drag side handle Cmd- Shift- drag side handle Ctrl+ Shift+ drag side handle Ctrl+ Shift+ drag side handle
Skew image with respect to origin new feature Cmd- Option- drag side handle new feature Ctrl+ Alt+ drag side handle
Skew image along constrained axis with respect to origin new feature Cmd- Shift- Option- drag side handle new feature Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ drag side handle
Distort image Cmd- drag corner handle Cmd- drag corner handle Ctrl+ drag corner handle Ctrl+ drag corner handle
Symmetrically distort opposite corners Cmd- Option- drag corner handle Cmd- Option- drag corner handle Ctrl+ Alt+ drag corner handle Ctrl+ Alt+ drag corner handle
Constrained distort for perspective effect Cmd- Shift- drag corner handle Cmd- Shift- drag corner handle Ctrl+ Shift+ drag corner handle Ctrl+ Shift+ drag corner handle
Constrained distort for symmetrical perspective effect Cmd- Shift- Option- drag corner handle Cmd- Shift- Option- drag corner handle Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ drag corner handle Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ drag corner handle
Apply specific transformation in Free Transform mode Control-click in image window Control-click in image window right-click in image window right-click in image window
Accept transformation double-click inside boundary or press Return double-click inside boundary or press Return double-click inside boundary or press Enter double-click inside boundary or press Enter
Cancel transformation press Escape press Escape press Escape press Escape
Replay last transformation new feature Cmd- Shift- T new feature Ctrl+ Shift+ T
Duplicate selection and replay last transformation new feature Cmd- Shift- Option- T new feature Ctrl+ Shift+ Alt+ T
Rulers, measurements, and guides
Display or hide rulers Cmd- R Cmd- R Ctrl+ R Ctrl+ R
Display or hide Info palette F8 F8 F8 F8
Change unit of measure drag from X,Y pop-up in Info palette or double-click ruler drag from X,Y pop-up in Info palette or double-click ruler drag from X,Y pop-up in Info palette or double-click ruler drag from X,Y pop-up in Info palette or double-click ruler
Select measure tool new feature press U new feature press U
Measure distance and angle drag with line tool set to Weight of 0 drag with measure tool drag with line tool set to Weight of 0 drag with measure tool
Move measure line new feature drag measure line new feature drag measure line
Change length and angle of measure line new feature drag point at either end of measure line new feature drag point at either end of measure line
Measure angle between two lines (protractor option) new feature Option- drag endpoint new feature Alt+ drag endpoint
Display or hide guides Cmd- semicolon (;) Cmd- semicolon (;) Ctrl+ semicolon (;) Ctrl+ semicolon (;)
Create guide drag from ruler drag from ruler drag from ruler drag from ruler
Move guide drag guide with move tool or Cmd- drag with other tool drag guide with move tool or Cmd- drag with other tool drag guide with move tool or Ctrl+ drag with other tool drag guide with move tool or Ctrl+ drag with other tool
Toggle horizontal guide to vertical or vice versa press Option while dragging guide press Option while dragging guide press Alt while dragging guide press Alt while dragging guide
Snap guide to ruler tick marks press Shift while dragging guide press Shift while dragging guide press Shift while dragging guide press Shift while dragging guide
Toggle guide magnetism Cmd- Shift- semicolon (;) Cmd- Shift- semicolon (;) Ctrl+ Shift+ semicolon (;) Ctrl+ Shift+ semicolon (;)
Lock or unlock guides Cmd- Option- semicolon (;) Cmd- Option- semicolon (;) Ctrl+ Alt+ semicolon (;) Ctrl+ Alt+ semicolon (;)
Display or hide grid Cmd- quote (") Cmd- quote (") Ctrl+ quote (") Ctrl+ quote (")
Toggle grid magnetism Cmd- Shift- quote (") Cmd- Shift- quote (") Ctrl+ Shift+ quote (") Ctrl+ Shift+ quote (")
Edit guide color and grid increments Cmd- double-click guide Cmd- double-click guide Ctrl+ double-click guide Ctrl+ double-click guide
Filters
Repeat filter with last-used settings Cmd- F Cmd- F Ctrl+ F Ctrl+ F
Repeat filter with different settings Cmd- Option- F Cmd- Option- F Ctrl+ Alt+ F Ctrl+ Alt+ F
Scroll preview box in corrective filter dialog boxes drag in preview box or click in image window drag in preview box or click in image window drag in preview box or click in image window drag in preview box or click in image window
Zoom preview box in corrective filter dialog boxes Cmd- click and Option- click Cmd- click and Option- click Ctrl+ click and Alt+ click Ctrl+ click and Alt+ click
Increase selected Option- box value by 1 (or 0.1) up arrow up arrow up arrow up arrow
Decrease value by 1 (or 0.1) down arrow down arrow down arrow down arrow
Increase value by 10 (or 1) Shift- up arrow Shift- up arrow Shift+ up arrow Shift+ up arrow
Decrease value by 10 (or 1) Shift- down arrow Shift- down arrow Shift+ down arrow Shift+ down arrow
Adjust Angle value (where offered) in 15° increments Shift- drag in Angle wheel Shift- drag in Angle wheel Shift+ drag in Angle wheel Shift+ drag in Angle wheel
Reset options inside corrective filter dialog boxes Option- click Cancel button or Option- Escape Option- click Cancel button or Option- Escape Alt+ click Cancel button Alt+ click Cancel button
Clone light in Lighting Effects dialog box Option- drag light Option- drag light Alt+ drag light Alt+ drag light
Delete Lighting Effects light press Delete press Delete press Delete press Delete
Adjust size of footprint without affecting angle of light Shift- drag handle Shift- drag handle Shift+ drag handle Shift+ drag handle
Adjust angle of light without affecting size of footprint Cmd- drag handle Cmd- drag handle Ctrl+ drag handle Ctrl+ drag handle
Switch between arrow tools in 3D Transform dialog box new feature press V or A, or Cmd- Tab new feature press V or A, or Ctrl+ Tab
Select 3D cube, sphere, or cylinder tool new feature press M, N, or C new feature press M, N, or C
Edit shape with pan camera or trackball new feature press E or R new feature press E or R
Delete selected 3D Transform shape new feature Delete new feature Backspace
Advanced color corrections
Add point in Curves dialog box click on graph line click on graph line click on graph line click on graph line
Add specific color as new point on composite curve new feature Cmd- click in image window new feature Ctrl+ click in image window
Add color as new point on independent channel curves new feature Cmd- Shift- click in image window new feature Ctrl+ Shift+ click in image window
Nudge selected curve point new feature press arrow key new feature press arrow key
Select next curve point new feature Cmd- tab new feature Ctrl+ tab
Select previous curve point new feature Cmd- Shift- tab new feature Ctrl+ Shift+ tab
Delete curve point new feature Cmd- click point new feature Ctrl+ click point
Select multiple curve points new feature Shift- click point new feature Shift+ click point
Deselect all points new feature Cmd- D new feature Ctrl+ D
Move Hue/Saturation range to new location new feature click in image window new feature click in image window
Add colors to Hue/Saturation range new feature Shift- click or drag in image window new feature Shift+ click or drag in image window
Subtract colors from Hue/Saturation range new feature Option- click or drag in image window new feature Alt+ click or drag in image window
Edit all colors in Hue/Saturation dialog box new feature Cmd- tilde (~) new feature Ctrl+ tilde (~)
Edit predefined color range new feature Cmd- 1 through Cmd- 6 new feature Ctrl+ 1 through Ctrl+ 6
Undoing operations
Undo or redo last operation Cmd- Z Cmd- Z Ctrl+ Z Ctrl+ Z
Undo operation prior to last one new feature Cmd- Option- Z new feature Ctrl+ Alt+ Z
Redo undone operation new feature Cmd- Shift- Z new feature Ctrl+ Shift+ Z
Undo to specific point new feature click on item in History palette new feature click on item in History palette
Duplicate previously performed operation new feature Option- click on item in History palette new feature Alt+ click on item in History palette
Select state to revert to with history brush new feature click in front of item in History palette new feature click in front of item in History palette
Create snapshot from active state new feature click page icon at bottom of History palette new feature click page icon at bottom of History palette
Create duplicate image from active state new feature click ... box icon at bottom of History palette new feature click ... box icon at bottom of History palette
Revert to saved image F12 F12 or click first item in History palette F12 F12 or click first item in History palette
Miscellaneous
Display or hide all palettes, and toolbox, and status bar Tab Tab Tab Tab
Display or hide palettes except toolbox Shift- Tab Shift- Tab Shift+ Tab Shift+ Tab
Hide toolbox and status bar Tab, Shift- Tab Tab, Shift- Tab Tab, Shift+ Tab Tab, Shift+ Tab
Move a panel out of a palette drag panel tab drag panel tab drag panel tab drag panel tab
Snap palette to edge of screen Shift- click palette title bar Shift- click palette title bar Shift+ click palette title bar Shift+ click palette title bar
Fully collapse palette Option- click collapse box or double-click panel tab Option- click collapse box or double-click panel tab Alt+ click collapse box or double-click panel tab Alt+ click collapse box or double-click panel tab
Display or hide Actions palette F9 F9 F9 F9
Play script Cmd- double-click on item in Actions palette Cmd- double-click on item in Actions palette Ctrl+ double-click on item in Actions palette Ctrl+ double-click on item in Actions palette
Permanently delete item from palette that includes trash can Option- click trash can Option- click trash can Alt+ click trash can Alt+ click trash can
Preview how image sits on printed page click preview box click preview box click preview box click preview box
View size and resolution of image Option- click preview box Option- click preview box Alt+ click preview box Alt+ click preview box
Change the preference settings Cmd- K Cmd- K Ctrl+ K Ctrl+ K
Display last used Preferences dialog box panel Cmd- Option- K Cmd- Option- K Ctrl+ Alt+ K Ctrl+ Alt+ K
Bring up dialog box with last-used settings Option- choose command from Image >> Adjust submenu Option- choose command from Image >> Adjust submenu Alt+ choose command from Image >> Adjust submenu Alt+ choose command from Image >> Adjust submenu
Duplicate image and bypass dialog box Option- choose Image >> Duplicate Option- choose Image >> Duplicate Alt+ choose Image >> Duplicate Alt+ choose Image >> Duplicate
Cancel the current operation Cmd- period or Escape Cmd- period or Escape Escape Escape
Activate No button when closing image     press N press N
Activate Don’t Save or Don’t Flatten button press D press D press D press D